Wageningen University
Meteorology and Air Quality Department


CO2 Time Series
 
Site
Alert, Nunavut
Country Canada
Latitude 82°27'N
Longitude 62°30'W
Elevation (m.a.s.l.) 200.0
Intake height (m.a.g.l.) 10.0
Data selection representative
Project selection surface-flask
Calibration scale WMOX2007
Assimilated No
Lab CSIRO
Name Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
Country Australia
Provider Paul Steele
  

Time series of CO2 mole fractions at a CarbonTracker observation site. In the top panel, measured mole fractions (open black circles) are plotted along with CarbonTracker simulated values (light blue open circles). At some sites, there are observations that CarbonTracker can not simulate successfully; these are shown as filled red circles. The bottom panel shows a time series of residuals--the difference between the simulated and measured mole fractions--shown with dark blue open circles. These residuals should be uncorrelated in time, unbiased (i.e., have a mean of zero), and distributed normally. Also shown in the lower panel is the imposed model-data mismatch ("MDM", orange bars), which in part defines the rejection criterion (see documentation). Any model first guess value which is more than three times the MDM away from zero, after accounting for potential adjustments to the simulated value due to optimizing fluxes, is rejected by the optimization system. Rejected values, if there are any, are shown with filled red circles.

Seasonal histograms of the residuals at this site. See caption for top figure for the definition of residuals. The left panel collects all residuals for each northern hemisphere summer (June through September); the right panel is the northern hemisphere winter (November through April). Residuals before 1 Jan 2001 are excluded from this analysis to avoid an effect of CarbonTracker burn-in from a poorly-known initial CO2 distribution. The tan color shows the histogram of the residuals themselves; the blue lines and statistics shown in blue text are a summary of the residuals interpreted as a normal distribution. The assumed model-data mismatch is shown in green (lines and text). The vertical scales are relative, determined by the number of observations and how tightly they are grouped, with the area under the histogram forced to unity.




Copyright Wageningen University, Dec 2013